Location: Mackenzie, Linden
Classification: Commemorative Monument
Period/ Year Built: 2016
Historical Background / Description:
The Bauxite Centenary Arch is located on Casuarina Drive and Washer Pond Road, Mackenzie, Linden. The structure commemorates 100 years of bauxite mining in the country. The mining of Bauxite ores began in October 1916, by the newly formed Demerara Bauxite Company (DEMBA) at Three Friends Mines which is located some 16 kilometres (10 miles) away from Linden.
The intersection of Casuarina Drive and Washer Pond Road was chosen as the location of the arch because it marks the entrance to the three communities of Mackenzie, Watooka and Wismar. These communities have close ties to the bauxite industry since the early 20th century. The $20 million arch was gifted to the people of Linden by Bosai Minerals Group. It was unveiled on November 25, 2016, in the presence of President David Granger and Chinese Ambassador to Guyana, Mr. Zhang Limin.
The structure which is similar to the Agricola Independence Arch, was assembled by Surinamese company, VSH United; it was then transported to Linden where a team comprising mechanics, masons, electricians and other tradesmen from Bosai Mineral Groups worked on erecting the structure. The foundation was built by local company, Mc Rae Construction. Once completed, the arch measured approximately 15.54 metres (51 feet) in height and 29 metres (95 feet) in width. Inscribed on one of the plaques at the base of the structure are the names of the past Mayors of Linden and Regional Chairmen of Region 10. There is also a list of names of those students who won awards from the National Schools Athletics Championships from as far back as 2002.
The main frame of the monument contains two semi-circular arches, which extends to both ends of the structure. The crown which sits on top of the arch is decorated with the Golden Cacique and carries the logos of the companies that were involved in the bauxite industry over the 100-year period.